Soon after the incorporation of the Town of Littleton on March 8, 1890, the new citizens began looking into a number of civic projects to improve local life. High on this list was a fire department. In the 28 years since R.S. Little and his neighbors had settled the area, any fire which got started usually ended up burning out on its own. Neighbors rushed in to help whenever there was a need, but there was little water available other than local wells. In 1890 John G. Lilley decided that there should be an organization to combat the fire menace and on July 19, 1890, he organized the John G. Lilley Hook and Ladder Company.
|Littleton Hose Company #1 at foot of Main Street, 1892.|
Twenty-four volunteers formed the John G. Lilley Hook and Ladder Company. To begin with, they had very little equipment, a ladder cart, two ladders, four hooks and thirty water buckets. Fortunately, they were only called out to one fire that year. In December, 1891, they were able to purchase their first real equipment, which the Littleton Independent described in action: "the men did not have fancy fire trucks, but were obliged to run and drag a heavy two-wheeled cart holding around 750 feet of 2-1/2 inch hose, a few leather buckets, a coal oil lantern or two, axes, crowbars, and a few other odds and ends to do damage with." Only a third of the men had any kind of protective jacket or hat.
In 1892, the volunteer company reorganized as Littleton Hose Company #1, and added Company #2 in 1901. In addition to fighting fire, the hose companies became the social nucleus of the community, sponsoring dances, socials, raffles and athletic contests to raise money for more and better equipment. They were so successful one year that they were able to donate money to buy books to begin the city's first public library.
The citizens of Littleton had good reason to be proud of their volunteers, as again, the Independent described the action: "The alarm of 'fire' called the boys from all directions last Wednesday morning and Mr. J.D. Hill, who timed them, said that they were just one minute from the time the whistle blew in getting the hose cart out of the barn. The fire, which originated from a defective flue, was extinguished with but very slight damage before the boys could possibly have been of any use, but the department deserves all praise for the promptness which characterizes their every movement."
|Littleton Volunteer Fire Department, 1908.|
In 1914, Littleton's famous hotel and popular resort, the Sunshine and Shadow Inn, burned to the ground despite the best efforts of both hose companies. At the very next meeting of the volunteer fire department a decision was made to purchase a "mechanized" fire truck to better protect the town. A year later, this chemical fire truck with a thirty gallon tank for soda acid went into service. The city continued to grow slowly until the post-World War II housing boom, and the fire department kept pace. With the boom, however, more organization and better funding was necessary for the also rapidly expanding department, so in 1948 a special fire district was created.
By 1960, population growth forced the City and the Littleton Fire Protection District to abandon the 70 year old volunteer system, and professional firemen were hired for the first time. In 1974 it became the first fire department in the state to include a paramedic unit, saving the lives of more than a thousand people since. In comparison to the last six months of 1890 when the Hook and Ladder Company responded to just one fire, during the same period a century later, the Littleton Fire Department responded to some 3,000 calls. In 1890, the fire loss was the value of one farm house; in 1990, 159 properties valued at $24 million were touched by fire, but the swift suppression techniques of the department limited actual loss to a mere $1.3 million.
By 2017, the Littleton Fire Department, known as Littleton Fire Rescue, continued to respond to fires in the community, but it was not generally known that illnesses and injuries made up approximately 65-70% of emergency calls. Each Littleton engine and medic unit was fully equipped and staffed by a minimum of one paramedic for advanced life support capabilities. Littleton Fire also had special teams available for water accidents, Tactical Emergency Medical Support (TEMS), wildland/urban interface fires, and hazardous material.
The year 2018 was the beginning of the end of an era for the Littleton Fire Department. The Littleton City Council voted to put the merger of the Littleton Fire Department with South Metro Fire Rescue to the voters, who approved the union on November 6, 2018. In January, 2019, South Metro Fire Rescue took command of the staff and resources of the Littleton Fire Department.
Easton, John. Littleton Firefighters: a History, a Heritage, a Tradition, 1960-1995. Littleton: Littleton Fire Department, 1996.
Freemasons of Littleton, CO. Weston Lodge Number 22, A.F. and A.M., 1872-1973. Littleton: A.F. and A.M., 1973.
Littleton Museum. Photographic Archives.
____. Vertical File: "Fire Department".
McQuarie, Robert J. and C.W. Buchholtz. Littleton, Colorado: Settlement to Centennial. Littleton: Littleton Historical Museum and Friends of the Library and Museum, 1990.
Photographs courtesy of the Littleton Museum, unless otherwise noted; to order copies, contact the Museum at 303-795-3950.
Compiled by Pat Massengill
Updated April 2021 by Phyllis Larison